Advance Judo Tactics
Julio, an athletic competitor from the Dominican Republic, readies himself by purchasing a brand new single weave judogi, at the tournament site thinking it is lightweight, cheap, and good for travel. His first opponent is from Great Britain. The “Brit” steps up on the mat wearing a heavy double weave that is barely legal. On mat “B” with about two minutes to go Karla, a US player, is behind by a yuko that resulted from receiving two penalties. Now she is again with her back to the line worrying about a repeat performance. Sam is ahead by a yuko early in the match. Not wanting his player to lose, the coach is yelling to keep up the attack. Sam complies, but by the fourth minute he is fading and gets caught for a wazari. What did these three judoka have in common other than the fact they all lost their matches? Advanced Judo Tactics.
- What does history have to do with the nature of our rules?
- How do we score?
- Are there penalties?
- Are there special tactics we can use in judo competition?
Historical Basis of the Rules of the Game of Judo
Judo is a derivative of jujitsu and its founder Dr. Jigoro Kano was an educator in the Meiji era of modernization whose idea it was to preserve the finer qualities of what was originally a martial art and to transform it into the modern sport. To do this, his new sport would have to be safe, rewarding, yet challenging, and be controlled by rules and some form of arbitration.
While there were many styles of jujitsu, Dr. Kano was greatly influenced by two schools; Kito ryu and Tenshin Shinryo ryu. Both relied heavily on throwing techniques. It was these throwing techniques that originally were used to incapacitate or neutralize the enemy combatants who were not used to being thrown to the ground. Obviously those practicing the art of throwing one another gradually learned to fall to the ground without getting hurt. After some time these early practitioners were also able to make a study of how to safely make a transition to the ground without injury. This then became known as the art of falling or “ukemi.” Ukemi allowed a safer environment to practice techniques without having to take time out to nurse injuries.
Hayward Nishioka, 8th Degree Black Belt
Judo, HEART and SOUL
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